The Museo del Mare has a wealth of exhibits of enormous historical and artistic value and a highly-prized collection of books of specific interest; furthermore, it is the only nautical museum in Naples, a seafaring city of ancient tradition. The initial nucleus of the Museo del Mare dates back to 1904, the year that the Istituto Tecnico Nautico Statale “Duca degli Abruzzi” di Napoli, which boasts a long and illustrious tradition in the sector of teaching the art of navigation and disseminating knowledge of the marine environment, obtained scholastic autonomy at its historic headquarters in Via Tarsia. The initial nucleus of the collection, which preserved the seventeenth- century legacy of the School for ‘Pilotini’, was added to with subsequent acquisitions and donations, which enriched the existing heritage and widened its cultural reach. The Museum overlooks the Bay of Pozzuoli and the Campi Flegrei and is not only a place for the safeguarding and conservation of Campania’s seafaring cultural heritage, but is also a permanent centre for cultural, exhibition, teaching and artistic initiatives inspired by the historic and social memory of seafaring and of the sea in the widest sense. The museum’s collection documents the evolution of the science of navigation and the seafaring art. The Sale delle Navi holds a collection of models, all of exquisite workmanship, the most outstanding of which is a Sorrentine launch of the eighteenth century. Sala Marconi focuses on communications and illustrates the evolution of the radio from its beginnings to the present day and the development of radio navigation, concluding with the use of satellite navigation to determine location. The Sala di Navigazione illustrates the origins and the evolution of navigation through compasses, octants, sextants, solar clocks, and inclinometers in a perfectly preserved working state. The Sala delle Scienze presents the instruments used, over the centuries, in the laboratories of the School for ‘Pilotini’, founded in 1623. The Documents Section includes collections of atlases, nautical charts, rare texts, videotapes, DVDs, and photographic and documentary archives. As a point of reference in relation to the seafaring memory and to the history of nautical knowledge in Naples, the Museum contributes to the conservation and enhancement of the material and immaterial cultural heritage of the Campania region and to the definition of its identity.