Museo Duca di Martina
Villa Floridiana, the house given by Ferdinand I to his morganatic wife Lucia Migliaccio, is now an urban park and particularly dear to and popular with the residents of Vomero. Occupying a panoramic position, it extends over 8 hectares. Standing in the park is a neoclassical building that houses the collection of objects of applied art donated in 1911 to the city by the heirs of Placido de Sangro, Duke of Martina. The Duke was born in Naples in 1829. After moving to Paris, he began to purchase objets d’art, which he then sent back to his home in Naples. It is a large collection (some six thousand pieces), consisting of porcelain, maiolica, glass, enamels, corals, and tortoiseshell. It also includes sketches by eighteenth-century Neapolitan painters. Among the objects on display are pieces of inlaid furniture, Byzantine enamels and ivories, and carved caskets. The porcelains consist not only of Neapolitan pieces – there is a complete Capodimonte collection (one of the richest that exists) – but also include items originating from European factories and from the Far East, with jades, semi-precious stones, and Chinese and Indian bronzes. The museum is laid out over three floors. On the ground floor, as well as paintings, visitors will also find ivories, enamels, tortoiseshell, corals and bronzes of the medieval and Renaissance period, Renaissance and baroque maiolica and fifteenth to eighteenth-century glass and crystal, furniture, caskets and decorative objects. The first floor houses the eighteenth-century collection of European porcelains, with pieces from the most important factories active in the 1700s.
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